Solar Energy and Sustainable Development

Published by Center for Solar Energy Research and Studies, Tajoura - Tripoli-LibyaISSN: 2411-9636 (P) , ISSN: 2414-6013 (e)

Arabic Impact Factor - 1.26

Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Wedad A. El-Osta

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Adel Hamad Rafa
Electric Engineering Department, Omar Al-Mukhtar University, Tobruk, Libya
P.O. Box 662
TEL: +218927883567
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Photovoltaic (PV) technology is among the most efficient and cost effective renewable energy kinds currently available on the market. The connection of a large number of PVs to the grid may influence the frequency and voltage stability of the power system. This paper proposes load-frequency control technique for system with high penetration of Photovoltaic (PV). The proposed controller has been successfully implemented and tested using PSCAD/EMTDC. In this study. The impact of Photovoltaic (PV) on frequency stability of the system is studied in detail. This study shows that large penetration of Photovoltaic (PV) with load and frequency control has a significant impact on the stability and security level of electrical network.


Photovoltaic (PV), load-frequency control, frequency stability

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"Photovoltaic (PV) Contribution to the Primary Frequency Control"


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 P.O. Box 12932, Tripoli, Libya
Tele: +218 21 7248888








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